Margaret Barker

Biblical scholar

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Margaret Barker
The Risen Lord: Jesus of History as the Christ of Faith of Heaven  
Older Testament
The Lost Prophet
Gate of Heaven
The Great Angel
On Earth
The Risen Lord
Great High Priest
Temple Theology
Hidden Tradition
Temple Themes
Temple Mysticism
Mother of the Lord
King of the Jews

In this book, Margaret Barker explores and explains apparent inconsistencies in the New Testament to present a new way of understanding Christian origins. She confronts and overturns much of the scepticism of recent scholarship.

She shows how the original understanding of resurrection may in fact be Jesus’ mystical experience at his baptism, when he was raised up and transformed into the divine Son, how the resurrection proof texts in the New Testament may be the ‘ascent texts’ of the royal high priesthood, and how Jesus may have seen himself as the anointed high priest, the Messiah, come to offer himself as the atonement sacrifice of the last days.

Margaret Barker therefore offers a new understanding of atonement drawn from Temple traditions, and shows for the first time how Christology and soteriology were necessarily related in the sacrifice of the Son of God. She contends that Jesus knew who he was and what he was doing - that the so-called Christ of faith was not the creation of the early churches but rather the figure Jesus believed himself to be. The Gnostic post-resurrection discourses are a memory of his private teaching to his disciples and their parousia hope derived from his teaching about the final Day of Atonement. With his death, Jesus would enter the heavenly sanctuary and then emerge again as did the high priest, to bring the Day of the Lord.

This work redraws the map of the New Testament and offers a new understanding of resurrection, Christology, atonement and parousia. The conclusion is that Jesus was indeed ‘the author and finisher of our faith.


  "Another brilliantly original volume … The cumulative effect of the detailed evidence presented is such that our perceptions of Jesus and the origins of Christianity will never be the same again."

Professor John Sawyer, Theology.

Published by T&T Clark, Edinburgh, 1996. ISBN 0567085375







(c) Margaret Barker 2006.